Vascular Birthmarks FoundationThe VBF Educate E-Learning Center

Bibliography (A Foundation in Vascular Anomalies – Surgery)

Course 01: Orientation

Mulliken, J. B., & Glowacki, J. (1982). Classification of pediatric vascular lesions. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 70(1), 120.

Mulliken, J. B., & Glowacki, J. (1982). Hemangiomas and vascular malformations in infants and children: a classification based on endothelial characteristics. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 69(3), 412-420.

Wassef, M., Blei, F., Adams, D., Alomari, A., Baselga, E., Berenstein, A., … & Lord, D. J. (2015). Vascular anomalies classification: Recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics, 136(1), e203-e214.


Course 06: Dental and Oral Issues in Patients with Vascular Anomalies

Baba, Y. and Kato, Y. (2011) Hemangioma with phleboliths in the floor of mouth presenting as a submental swelling: a case report. Journal of Medical Cases. 2(1), 28-30.

Buckmiller, L. M., Richter, G. T., & Suen, J. Y. (2010). Diagnosis and management of hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. Oral Diseases, 16(5), 405-418.

Cappablanca, S., Del Vecchio, W., Gludice, A., and Colella, G. (2006) Vascular malformations of the tongue: MRI findings on three cases. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. 35,205-8.

Chandna, S., Sachdeva, S., Kochar, D., and Kapil, H. (2015) Surgical management of the bilateral buccal exostosis. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 19:352-355.

Colletti, G., Frigerio, A., Giovanditto, F., Biglioli, F., Chiapasco, M., & Grimmer, J. F. (2014). Surgical treatment of vascular malformations of the facial bones. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 72(7), 1326-e1.

Grimmer, J. F., Mulliken, J. B., Burrows, P. E., & Rahbar, R. (2006). Radiofrequency ablation of microcystic lymphatic malformation in the oral cavity. Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, 132(11), 1251-1256.

Groppo, E.R., Glastonbury, C.M., Orloff, L.A., Kraus P.E., & Eisele, D.W. (2010). Vascular malformation masquerading as sialolithiasis and parotid obstruction: a case report and review of the literature. Laryngoscope. 120 Suppl 4:S130.

Levitin, G. M., Thompson, S. H., Berenstein, A., & Waner, M. (2010). Surgical treatment of buccofacial region vascular anomalies using an intraoral buccomucosal flap procedure. Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, 136(2), 134-137.

Manjunath, S.M., Shetty, S., Moon, N.J., Sharma, B., Metta, K.K., Gupta, N., et al. (2014). Arteriovenous malformation of the oral cavity. Case Reports in Dentistry, Article ID 353580.
Nuface Maxillo-facial Esthetic Surgery & Cosmetic Dentistry Center. (2013). Surgery; Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. Retrieved from:

O T.M., Kwak R., Portnof J.E., Berke D.M., Lipari B., Waner M. (2011). Analysis of skeletal mandibular abnormalities associated with cervicofacial lymphatic malformations. Laryngoscope. 121(1):91-101.

Parikh, K. (2015). Oral lymphangiomas. Retrievedfrom:

Reddy, P. V., Rani, K. R., Indumathy, P., & Rajashree, D. (2014). Gingival overgrowth associated with port-wine stains: A case report of Sturge-Weber syndrome. Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, 3(4), 287.

Richter, G.T and Suen, J.Y., eds. (2015) Head and neck vascular anomalies: A practical case-based approach. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.

Rosbe, K.W., Hess, C.P., Dowd, C.F. & Frieden, I.J. (2010). Masseteric venous malformations: diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 143, 779-783.

Sood, N., Gothi, R., Dhillon, B.S., Sood, N. (2014) Phenytoin-Induced gingival enlargement – planning between oral care practitioners and physicians: A case report. Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2:80-83.

Soria, N., Gonzalez-Junyent, C., Villalba Auñón, J., Guerrero, R., Tomasello Weitz, A., Gómez Chiari, M. (2011). Management of peripheral venous malformations: from diagnosis to treatment. Poster, European Congress of Radiology. Retrieved via EPOS:…

Tieu, D. D., Ghodke, B. V., Vo, N. J., & Perkins, J. A. (2013). Single-stage excision of localized head and neck venous malformations using preoperative glue embolization. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 148(4), 678-684.

V, U., Sivasankari, T., Jeelani, S., Asokan, G.S., & Parthiban, J. (2014) Lymphangioma of the tongue – a case report and review of literature. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 8, ZD12-4.

Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y. (1999) Treatment options for the management of vascular malformations. In Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y., eds. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. New York, Wiley-Liss. pp.315-350.

Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y., eds. (1999) Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. New York: Wiley-Liss.
Zide, B. M., & Kaner, C. (2001). Port-wine gingivo-alveolar enlargement: the solution. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 108(1), 250.

Zou, J., Yu, K., Xun, W., Zou, X., Qu, X., Long, G., & Zhang, Y. (2011). Three-dimensional computerized tomographic angiography diagnosis and surgical treatment of macroglossia with huge venous malformation: a case report. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 112(1), 105-111.

Course 07: Surgical Management of Vascular Malformations of the Head and Neck

Cheney, M. L., & Hadlock, T. A. (Eds.). (2014). Facial surgery: plastic and reconstructive. CRC Press.

Persky, M. S., Waner, M., Blei, F., & Berenstein, A. (2015). Vascular lesions of the head and neck. Thieme.

Waner, M. (2013). The role of surgery in the management of congenital vascular anomalies. Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 16(1), 45-50. doi:10.1053/j.tvir.2013.01.006

Waner, M., Buckmiller, L., & Suen, J. Y. (2002). Surgical management of hemangiomas of the head and neck. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 13(1), 77-84.


Course 08: Surgical Management of Visceral and Extremity Vascular Anomalies

Burrows, P. E., Mitri, R. K., Alomari, A., Padua, H. M., Lord, D. J., Sylvia, M. B., … & Mulliken, J. B. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4), 209-216.

Children’s Hospital Boston. Vascular Anomalies Center.

Fishman, S. J., Shamberger, R. C., Fox, V. L., & Burrows, P. E. (2000). Endorectal pull-through abates gastrointestinal hemorrhage from colorectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 35(6), 982-984.

Kulungowski AM, Fishman SJ. (2011) Management of combined vascular malformations. Clinics in Plastic Surgery, 38(1):107–120.9.

Kulungowski AM, Fox VL, Burrows PE, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. (2010) Portomesenteric venous thrombosis associated with rectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 45(6):1221–1227.10.

P. Burrows, R. Mitri, A. Alomari, H. Padua, D. Lord, M. Sylvia, S. Fishman, J. Mulliken. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4): 209-216.