Vascular Birthmarks FoundationThe Physician E-Learning Center

Bibliography (A Foundation in Vascular Anomalies)

Course 01: Orientation

Mulliken, J. B., & Glowacki, J. (1982). Classification of pediatric vascular lesions. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 70(1), 120.

Mulliken, J. B., & Glowacki, J. (1982). Hemangiomas and vascular malformations in infants and children: a classification based on endothelial characteristics. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 69(3), 412-420.

Wassef, M., Blei, F., Adams, D., Alomari, A., Baselga, E., Berenstein, A., … & Lord, D. J. (2015). Vascular anomalies classification: Recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics, 136(1), e203-e214.

Course 02: Diagnosis and Treatment of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome

Alomari, A. I. (2010). Diversion venography—A modified technique in Klippel–Trenaunay Syndrome: Initial experience. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 21(5), 685-689.

Bastarrika, G., Redondo, P., Sierra, A., Cano, D., Martínez-Cuesta, A., López-Gutiérrez, J. C., & Cabrera, J. (2007). New techniques for the evaluation and therapeutic planning of patients with Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 56(2), 242-249.

Burrows, P. E. (2013). Endovascular treatment of slow-flow vascular malformations. Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 16(1), 12-21.

Chaudry, M. I., Manzoor, M. U., Turner, R. D., & Turk, A. S. (2012). Diagnostic imaging of vascular anomalies. Facial Plastic Surgery, 28(06), 563-574.

Delis, K. T., Gloviczki, P., Wennberg, P. W., Rooke, T. W., & Driscoll, D. J. (2007). Hemodynamic impairment, venous segmental disease, and clinical severity scoring in limbs with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 45(3), 561-567.

Enjolras, O., Chapot, R., & Merland, J. J. (2004). Vascular anomalies and the growth of limbs: A review. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B, 13(6), 349-357.

Gloviczki, P., & Driscoll, D. J. (2007). Klippel–Trenaunay syndrome: Current management. Phlebology, 22(6), 291-298.

Huiras, E. E., Barnes, C. J., Eichenfield, L. F., Pelech, A. N., & Drolet, B. A. (2005). Pulmonary thromboembolism associated with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Pediatrics, 116(4), e596-e600.

King, K., Landrigan-Ossar, M., Clemens, R., Chaudry, G., & Alomari, A. I. (2013). The use of endovenous laser treatment in toddlers. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 24(6), 855-858.

Lackner, H., Karastaneva, A., Schwinger, W., Benesch, M., Sovinz, P., Seidel, M., … & Sorantin, E. (2015). Sirolimus for the treatment of children with various complicated vascular anomalies. European Journal of Pediatrics, 174(12), 1579-1584.

Luks, V. L., Kamitaki, N., Vivero, M. P., Uller, W., Rab, R., Bovée, J. V., … & Fishman, S. J. (2015). Lymphatic and other vascular malformative/overgrowth disorders are caused by somatic mutations in PIK3CA. The Journal of Pediatrics, 166(4), 1048-1054.

Oduber, C. E., Gerdes, V. E., van der Horst, C. M., & Bresser, P. (2009). Vascular malformations as underlying cause of chronic thromboembolism and
pulmonary hypertension. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, 62(5), 684-689.

Uihlein, L. C., Liang, M. G., Fishman, S. J., Alomari, A. I., & Mulliken, J. B. (2013). Capillary‐Venous Malformation in the Lower Limb. Pediatric Dermatology, 30(5), 541-548.

Course 03: Imaging and Diagnostics of Head and Neck Vascular Anomalies​

Baker, L. L., Dillon, W. P., Hieshima, G. B., Dowd, C. F., & Frieden, I. J. (1993). Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck: MR characterization. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 14, 2.

Berenguer, B., Burrows, P. E., Zurakowski, D., & Mulliken, J. B. (1999). Sclerotherapy of craniofacial venous malformations: complications and results. Plastic and Reconstructive
Surgery, 104(1), 1-11.

Hasso, A. N. (2012). Diagnostic imaging of the head and neck: MRI with CT & PET correlations. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kohout, M. P., Hansen, M., Pribaz, J. J., & Mulliken, J. B. (January 01, 1998). Arteriovenous malformations of the head and neck: natural history and management. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 102, 3, 643-54.

Lewin, J. S., Merkle, E. M., Duerk, J. L., & Tarr, R. W. (January 01, 1999). Low-flow vascular malformations in the head and neck: safety and feasibility of MR imaging-guided percutaneous sclerotherapy–preliminary experience with 14 procedures in three patients. Radiology, 211, 2, 566-70.

Low, D. W. (2003). Management of adult facial vascular anomalies. Facial Plastic Surgery, 19(01), 113-130.

Rinker, B., Karp, N. S., Margiotta, M., Blei, F., Rosen, R., & Rofsky, N. M. (2003). The role of magnetic resonance imaging in the management of vascular malformations of the trunk and extremities. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 112(2), 504-510.

Vilanova, J. C., Barceló, J., Smirniotopoulos, J. G., Pérez-Andrés, R., Villalón, M., Miró, J., … & Ros, P. R. (2004). Hemangioma from head to toe: MR imaging with pathologic correlation 1. Radiographics, 24(2), 367-385.

Course 04: Neuro-interventional Radiologic Management of Vascular Anomalies

Paramasivam, S., Persky, M. J., & Berenstein, A. (2016). Paraganglioma—Role of preoperative evaluation and endovascular embolization. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 27(1), 7-14.

Paramasivam, S., Toma, N., Niimi, Y., & Berenstein, A. (2013). Development, clinical presentation and endovascular management of congenital intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, 5(3), 184-190.

Ulkatan, S., Waner, M., Arranz-Arranz, B., Weiss, I., Theresa, M. J., Saral, M., … & Berenstein, A. (2014). New methodology for facial nerve monitoring in extracranial surgeries of vascular malformations. Clinical Neurophysiology, 125(4), 849-855.

Shwe, Y., Paramasivam, S., Ortega-Gutierrez, S., Altschul, D., Berenstein, A., & Fifi, J. T. (2014). High-flow carotid cavernous fistula and the use of a microvascular plug system: Initial experience. Interventional Neurology, 3(2), 78-84.

Zeller, T., Cissarek, T., & Gray, W. A. (2014). Vascular Medicine: Therapy and Practice. Thieme.

Course 05: Interventional Radiologic Management of Vascular Anomalies of the Extremities

Arnold, R., Chaudry, G. (2011) Diagnostic imaging of vascular anomalies. Clinics in Plastic Surgery, 38(1):21–29.

Bergan, J., Pascarella, L., Mekenas, L. (2006) Venous disorders: treatment with sclerosant foam. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (Torino), 47:9-18.

Box, L.M., Levin, D.C., Fellows, K.E. (1983) Direct puncture angiography in congenital venous malformations. American Journal of Roentgenology, 140:135.

Burrows P.E., Mitri R.K., Alomari A., et al. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3–4):209–216.

Chaudry, G., Guevara, C.J., Rialon, K.L., et al. (2014). Safety and efficacy of bleomycin sclerotherapy for microcystic lymphatic malformation. Cardiovascular Interventional Radiology, 37:1476-1481.

Cho, S.K., Do, Y.S., Kim, D.I., et al. (2008). Peripheral arteriovenous malformations with a dominant outflow vein: results of ethanol embolization. Korean Journal of Radiology, 9(3):258–267.

Do, Y.S., Yakes, W.F., Shin, S.W., et al. (2005) Ethanol embolization of arteriovenous malformations: Interim results. Radiology, 235:674-68.

Drolet, B.A., Frommelt, P.C., Chamlin, S.L., et al. (2013) Initiation and use of propranolol for infantile hemangioma: report of a consensus conference. Pediatrics, 131(1):128–140.

Frasier, K., Giangola, G., Rosen, R., Ginat, D.T. (2008). Endovascular radiofrequency ablation: a novel treatment of venous insufficiency in Klippel-Trenaunay patients. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 47(6):1339–1345.

Happle, R. (1987) Lethal genes surviving by mosaicism: a possible explanation for sporadic birth defects involving the skin. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 16(4):899–906.

Hsu, T.S., Weiss, R.A. (2003). Foam sclerotherapy: a new era. Archives of Dermatology, 139(11):1494–1496.

Issva.org/classification

Klippel M, Trenaunay P. (1900) Du naevus variqueux osteohypertrophique. Arch Gen Med (Paris) 3:611.

Course 06: Dental and Oral Issues in Patients with Vascular Anomalies

Baba, Y. and Kato, Y. (2011) Hemangioma with phleboliths in the floor of mouth presenting as a submental swelling: a case report. Journal of Medical Cases. 2(1), 28-30.

Buckmiller, L. M., Richter, G. T., & Suen, J. Y. (2010). Diagnosis and management of hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. Oral Diseases, 16(5), 405-418.

Cappablanca, S., Del Vecchio, W., Gludice, A., and Colella, G. (2006) Vascular malformations of the tongue: MRI findings on three cases. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. 35,205-8.

Chandna, S., Sachdeva, S., Kochar, D., and Kapil, H. (2015) Surgical management of the bilateral buccal exostosis. J Indian Soc Periodontol. 19:352-355.

Colletti, G., Frigerio, A., Giovanditto, F., Biglioli, F., Chiapasco, M., & Grimmer, J. F. (2014). Surgical treatment of vascular malformations of the facial bones. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 72(7), 1326-e1.

Grimmer, J. F., Mulliken, J. B., Burrows, P. E., & Rahbar, R. (2006). Radiofrequency ablation of microcystic lymphatic malformation in the oral cavity. Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, 132(11), 1251-1256.

Groppo, E.R., Glastonbury, C.M., Orloff, L.A., Kraus P.E., & Eisele, D.W. (2010). Vascular malformation masquerading as sialolithiasis and parotid obstruction: a case report and review of the literature. Laryngoscope. 120 Suppl 4:S130.

Levitin, G. M., Thompson, S. H., Berenstein, A., & Waner, M. (2010). Surgical treatment of buccofacial region vascular anomalies using an intraoral buccomucosal flap procedure. Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, 136(2), 134-137.

Manjunath, S.M., Shetty, S., Moon, N.J., Sharma, B., Metta, K.K., Gupta, N., et al. (2014). Arteriovenous malformation of the oral cavity. Case Reports in Dentistry, Article ID 353580.
Nuface Maxillo-facial Esthetic Surgery & Cosmetic Dentistry Center. (2013). Surgery; Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. Retrieved from: http://www.nufaceclinicmumbai.com/cranio-maxillo-facial-surgery.html

O T.M., Kwak R., Portnof J.E., Berke D.M., Lipari B., Waner M. (2011). Analysis of skeletal mandibular abnormalities associated with cervicofacial lymphatic malformations. Laryngoscope. 121(1):91-101.

Parikh, K. (2015). Oral lymphangiomas. Retrievedfrom: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1076948-followup

Reddy, P. V., Rani, K. R., Indumathy, P., & Rajashree, D. (2014). Gingival overgrowth associated with port-wine stains: A case report of Sturge-Weber syndrome. Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, 3(4), 287.

Richter, G.T and Suen, J.Y., eds. (2015) Head and neck vascular anomalies: A practical case-based approach. San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.

Rosbe, K.W., Hess, C.P., Dowd, C.F. & Frieden, I.J. (2010). Masseteric venous malformations: diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 143, 779-783.

Sood, N., Gothi, R., Dhillon, B.S., Sood, N. (2014) Phenytoin-Induced gingival enlargement – planning between oral care practitioners and physicians: A case report. Indian Journal of Dental Sciences 2:80-83.

Soria, N., Gonzalez-Junyent, C., Villalba Auñón, J., Guerrero, R., Tomasello Weitz, A., Gómez Chiari, M. (2011). Management of peripheral venous malformations: from diagnosis to treatment. Poster, European Congress of Radiology. Retrieved via EPOS: http://posterng.netkey.at/esr/viewing/index.php?module=viewing_poster&ta…

Tieu, D. D., Ghodke, B. V., Vo, N. J., & Perkins, J. A. (2013). Single-stage excision of localized head and neck venous malformations using preoperative glue embolization. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, 148(4), 678-684.

V, U., Sivasankari, T., Jeelani, S., Asokan, G.S., & Parthiban, J. (2014) Lymphangioma of the tongue – a case report and review of literature. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 8, ZD12-4.

Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y. (1999) Treatment options for the management of vascular malformations. In Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y., eds. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. New York, Wiley-Liss. pp.315-350.

Waner, M. and Suen, J.Y., eds. (1999) Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck. New York: Wiley-Liss.
Zide, B. M., & Kaner, C. (2001). Port-wine gingivo-alveolar enlargement: the solution. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 108(1), 250.

Zou, J., Yu, K., Xun, W., Zou, X., Qu, X., Long, G., & Zhang, Y. (2011). Three-dimensional computerized tomographic angiography diagnosis and surgical treatment of macroglossia with huge venous malformation: a case report. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 112(1), 105-111.

Course 07: Surgical Management of Vascular Malformations of the Head and Neck

Cheney, M. L., & Hadlock, T. A. (Eds.). (2014). Facial surgery: plastic and reconstructive. CRC Press.

Persky, M. S., Waner, M., Blei, F., & Berenstein, A. (2015). Vascular lesions of the head and neck. Thieme.

Waner, M. (2013). The role of surgery in the management of congenital vascular anomalies. Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 16(1), 45-50. doi:10.1053/j.tvir.2013.01.006

Waner, M., Buckmiller, L., & Suen, J. Y. (2002). Surgical management of hemangiomas of the head and neck. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 13(1), 77-84.

Course 08: Surgical Management of Visceral and Extremity Vascular Anomalies

Burrows, P. E., Mitri, R. K., Alomari, A., Padua, H. M., Lord, D. J., Sylvia, M. B., … & Mulliken, J. B. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4), 209-216.

Children’s Hospital Boston. Vascular Anomalies Center. http://www.childrenshospital.org/clinicalservices/Site1964/mainpageS1964P0.html

Fishman, S. J., Shamberger, R. C., Fox, V. L., & Burrows, P. E. (2000). Endorectal pull-through abates gastrointestinal hemorrhage from colorectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 35(6), 982-984.

Kulungowski AM, Fishman SJ. (2011) Management of combined vascular malformations. Clinics in Plastic Surgery, 38(1):107–120.9.

Kulungowski AM, Fox VL, Burrows PE, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. (2010) Portomesenteric venous thrombosis associated with rectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 45(6):1221–1227.10.

P. Burrows, R. Mitri, A. Alomari, H. Padua, D. Lord, M. Sylvia, S. Fishman, J. Mulliken. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4): 209-216.

Course 09: Orthopedic Management of Vascular Anomalies

Alomari, A. I., Spencer, S. A., Arnold, R. W., Chaudry, G., Kasser, J. R., Burrows, P. E., … & Taghinia, A. H. (2014). Fibro-adipose vascular anomaly: clinical-radiologic-pathologic features of a newly delineated disorder of the extremity. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 34(1), 109-117.

Breugem, C. C., Maas, M., Breugem, S. J. M., Schaap, G. R., & Van der Horst, C. M. A. M. (2003). Vascular malformations of the lower limb with osseous involvement. Bone & Joint Journal, 85(3), 399-405.

Ferkel, E. I., Speer, A. L., Anselmo, D., Panossian, A., Stanley, P., & Arkader, A. (2014). Vascular Malformations and Associated Syndromes. JBJS Reviews, 2(5), e2.

Kunze, B., Kluba, T., Ernemann, U., & Miller, S. (2009). Arteriovenous malformation: an unusual reason for foot pain in children. Foot Ankle Online Journal, 2(12), 1.

Mulliken, J. B., & Glowacki, J. (1982). Classification of pediatric vascular lesions. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 70(1), 120.

Spencer, S. A., & Sorger, J. (2014, August). Orthopedic issues in vascular anomalies. In Seminars in Pediatric Surgery (Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 227-232). WB Saunders.

Weinstein, S. L., & Flynn, J. M. (2013). Lovell and Winter’s pediatric orthopaedics. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wassef, M., Blei, F., Adams, D., Alomari, A., Baselga, E., Berenstein, A., … & Lord, D. J. (2015). Vascular anomalies classification: recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics, 136(1), e203-e214.

Course 10: Diagnosis and Management of Sturge-Weber Syndrome

Bachur, C.D., Comi, A.M. (2013) Sturge-Weber syndrome. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 15(5):607-617. doi:10.1007/s11940-013-0253-6.

Bourgeois, M., Crimmins, D. W., Oliveira, R. S., Arzimanoglou, A., Garnett, M., Roujeau, T., . . . Sainte-Rose, C. (2007). Surgical treatment of epilepsy in Sturge–Weber syndrome in children. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, 106(1), 20-28.

Comi, A. M. (2015). Sturge–Weber syndrome. Neurocutaneous Syndromes Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 157-168.

Comi, A. M., Fischer, R., & Kossoff, E. H. (2003). Encephalofacial angiomatosis: Sparing the occipital lobe with and without facial nevus: On the spectrum of Sturge-Weber syndrome variants? Journal of Child Neurology, 18(1), 35-38.

Gao, L., Phan, S., Nadora, D. M., Chernova, M., Sun, V., Preciado, S. M., . . . Tan, W. (2014). Topical rapamycin systematically suppresses the early stages of pulsed dye laser-induced angiogenesis pathways. Lasers Surg. Med. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 46(9), 679-688.

Hatfield, L. A., & Kossoff, E. H. (2005). Comorbidity of epilepsy and headache in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome. Journal of Child Neurology, 20(8), 678-682.

Hu, J., Yu, Y., Juhasz, C., Kou, Z., Xuan, Y., Latif, Z., . . . Haacke, E. M. (2008). MR susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) complements conventional contrast enhanced T1 weighted MRI in characterizing brain abnormalities of Sturge-Weber Syndrome. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 28(2), 300-307.

Klapper, J. (1994). Headache in Sturge-Weber syndrome. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 34(9), 521-522

Kossoff, E. H., Borsage, J. L., & Comi, A. M. (2010). A pilot study of the modified Atkins diet for Sturge–Weber syndrome. Epilepsy Research, 92(2-3), 240-243.

Lance, E. I., Sreenivasan, A. K., Zabel, T. A., Kossoff, E. H., & Comi, A. M. (2012). Aspirin use in Sturge-Weber syndrome: Side effects and clinical outcomes. Journal of Child Neurology, 28(2), 213-218.

Nomura, S., Shimakawa, S., Fukui, M., Tanabe, T., & Tamai, H. (2014). Lamotrigine for intractable migraine-like headaches in Sturge–Weber syndrome. Brain and Development, 36(5), 399-401.

Course 11: Dynamics of Laser Therapy

Majaron, B., & Nelson, JS. (2011). Laser treatment of port wine stains. In: Welch, AJ, van Gemert, M.J.C. (Eds.), Optical-thermal response of laser-irradiated tissue (2nd Edition) (pp. 859-913). New York: Springer.

Nelson, J.S. (2005) An introduction to lasers and laser-tissue interactions in dermatology. In: Kauvar & Hruza, G. (Eds.), Principles and practices in cutaneous laser surgery. New York: Taylor & Francis.

Course 12: Treatment of Cutaneous Vascular Anomalies with Laser Therapy

Anderson, R.R., & Parrish, J.A. (1983). Selective photothermolysis: precise microsurgery by selective absorption of pulsed radiation. Science, 220(4596):524-7.

Bernstein, L.J., Geronemus, R.G. (1997). Keloid formation with the 585-nm pulsed dye laser during isotretinoin treatment. Archives of Dermatology, 133(1):111-2.

Brauer, J.A, & Geronemus, R.G. (2013) Single‐treatment resolution of vascular blebs within port wine stains using a novel 1,064‐nm neodymium‐doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser. Dermatologic Surgery, 39(7):1113-5.

Chapas A.M., Eickhorst, K., Geronemus, R.G. (2007) Efficacy of early treatment of facial port wine stains in newborns: a review of 49 cases. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 39(7):563-8.

Geronemus, R.G., Ashinoff, R. (1991) The medical necessity of evaluation and treatment of port‐wine stains. The Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology,17(1):76-9.

Reddy, K.K., Blei, F., Brauer, J.A., Waner, M., Anolik, R., Bernstein, L., Brightman, L., Hale, E., Karen, J., Weiss, E., Geronemus, R.G. (2013) Retrospective study of the treatment of infantile hemangiomas using a combination of propranolol and pulsed dye laser. Dermatologic Surgery, 39(6):923-33.

Renfro, L., Geronemus, R.G. (1993) Anatomical differences of port-wine stains in response to treatment with the pulsed dye laser. Archives of Dermatology, 129(2):182-8.

Renfro L.R., Geronemus R.G., Kauvar, A.B. (1994) Anatomical differences of port-wine stains located on the trunk and extremities in response to treatment with the pulsed dye laser. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 14:47.

Waner, M., North, P.E., Scherer, K.A, Frieden, I.J., Waner, A., Mihm, M.C. (2003) The nonrandom distribution of facial hemangiomas. Archives of Dermatology, 139(7):869-75.

Course 13: Histopathology of Vascular Anomalies

Mulliken J, Burrows P, Fishman S. Mulliken & Young’s Vascular Anomalies Hemangiomas and Malformations. 2 ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2013.

Stockman D. Diagnostic Pathology: Vascular. Vol 1. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016.

Sangueza O, Requena L. Pathology of Vascular Skin Lesions: Clinicopathologic Correlations. Vol 1. Totowa, New Jersey: Humana Press; 2003.

Wassef M, Blei F, Adams D, et al. Vascular Anomalies Classification: Recommendations From the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics. Jul 2015;136(1):e203-214.

Azizkhan RG. Complex vascular anomalies. Pediatric surgery international. Oct 2013;29(10):1023-1038.

Benoit MM, North PE, McKenna MJ, Mihm MC, Johnson MM, Cunningham MJ. Facial nerve hemangiomas: vascular tumors or malformations? Otolaryngology–head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Jan 2010;142(1):108-114.

Burns AJ, Navarro JA, Cooner RD. Classification of vascular anomalies and the comprehensive treatment of hemangiomas. Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Jul 2009;124(1 Suppl):69e-81e.

Foley LS, Kulungowski AM. Vascular Anomalies in Pediatrics. Advances in pediatrics. Aug 2015;62(1):227-255.

Lawley LP, Cerimele F, Weiss SW, et al. Expression of Wilms tumor 1 gene distinguishes vascular malformations from proliferative endothelial lesions. Archives of dermatology. Oct 2005;141(10):1297-1300.

Lyons LL, North PE, Mac-Moune Lai F, Stoler MH, Folpe AL, Weiss SW. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma: a study of 33 cases emphasizing its pathologic, immunophenotypic, and biologic uniqueness from juvenile hemangioma. The American journal of surgical pathology. May 2004;28(5):559-568.

Sanchez-Carpintero I, Mihm MC, Mizeracki A, Waner M, North PE. Epithelial and mesenchymal hamartomatous changes in a mature port-wine stain: Morphologic evidence for a multiple germ layer field defect. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Apr 2004;50(4):608-612.

North PE, Waner M, Buckmiller L, James CA, Mihm MC, Jr. Vascular tumors of infancy and childhood: beyond capillary hemangioma. Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology. Nov-Dec 2006;15(6):303-317.

Shirley MD, Tang H, Gallione CJ et al. Sturge-Weber syndrome and port-wine stains caused by somatic mutation in GNAQ. N Engl J Med. May 2013;368(21):1971-9.

Lian CG, Sholl LM, Zakka LR et al. Novel genetic mutations in a sporadic port-wine stain. JAMA Dermatol. Dec 2014; 150(12):1336-40

Course 14: The Genetics of Vascular Anomalies

OMIM – Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man. (n.d.). http://omim.org/.

Nätynki, M., Kangas, J., Miinalainen, I., Sormunen, R., Pietilä, R., Soblet, J., . . . Eklund, L. (2015). Common and specific effects of TIE2 mutations causing venous malformations. Human Molecular Genetics, 24(22), pp 6374-6389. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddv349

Nguyen HL, Boon LM, Vikkula M. (2014). Genetics of vascular malformations. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, 23(4):221-6. doi: 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2014.06.014. Review. PubMed PMID: 25241102.

Nussbaum, R., & McInnes, R. (2007). Thompson & Thompson genetics in medicine (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier.

Nussbaum, R. L., McInnes, R. R., Willard, H. F., & Hamosh, A. (2007). Developmental genetics and birth defects, in Thompson & Thompson genetics in medicine, pp 419-442.

Przewratil P., Kobos J., Wnęk A., Szemraj J.,Wyrzykowski D., Chrzanowska B., Andrzejewska E., & Taran K. (2016). Serum and tissue profile of VEGF and its receptors VGFR1/R2 in children with infantile hemangiomas on systemic propranolol treatment. Immunology Letters, 175,44-9. doi: 10.1016/j.imlet.2016.05.002

Revencu, N., Boon, L. M., Mendola, A., Cordisco, M. R., Dubois, J., Clapuyt, P., . . . Vikkula, M. (2013). RASA1 mutations and associated phenotypes in 68 families with capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation. Human Mutation, 34(12), pp. 1632-1641. doi:10.1002/humu.22431

Washington, Seattle; 1993¬2014. Smith¬Magenis Syndrome Pagon … (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.smith-magenis.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Smith.

Wassef, M., Blei, F., Adams, D., Alomari, A., Baselga, E., Berenstein, A., . . . Vikkula, M. (2015). Vascular anomalies classification: Recommendations from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Pediatrics, 136(1). 10.1542/peds.2014-3673.

Course 15: Ob/Gyn Management of Vascular Anomalies

Burrows, P. E., Mitri, R. K., Alomari, A., Padua, H. M., Lord, D. J., Sylvia, M. B., … & Mulliken, J. B. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4), 209-216.

Children’s Hospital Boston. Vascular Anomalies Center. http://www.childrenshospital.org/clinicalservices/Site1964/mainpageS1964P0.html

Fishman, S. J., Shamberger, R. C., Fox, V. L., & Burrows, P. E. (2000). Endorectal pull-through abates gastrointestinal hemorrhage from colorectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 35(6), 982-984.

Kulungowski AM, Fishman SJ. (2011) Management of combined vascular malformations. Clinics in Plastic Surgery, 38(1):107–120.9.

Kulungowski AM, Fox VL, Burrows PE, Alomari AI, Fishman SJ. (2010) Portomesenteric venous thrombosis associated with rectal venous malformations. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 45(6):1221–1227.10.

P. Burrows, R. Mitri, A. Alomari, H. Padua, D. Lord, M. Sylvia, S. Fishman, J. Mulliken. (2008). Percutaneous sclerotherapy of lymphatic malformations with doxycycline. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 6(3-4): 209-216.

Course 16: Psychosocial Implications in Patients with Vascular Anomalies

Brenner, A. (1984). Helping children cope with stress. Jossey-Bass.

Brogdon, J. (1999). Psychosocial impact of congenital vascular lesions. In M. Waner & J. Suen (Eds.), Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck, pp. 217-232). New York: Wiley-Liss.

Cardena, E., Koopman, C., Classen, C., Waelde, L. C. & Spiegel, D. (2000). Psychometric properties of the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ): A valid and reliable measure of acute stress. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 13(4), 719-734.

Horowitz, M., Wilner, M., & Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of event scale: A measure of subjective stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 209-219.

Kish, V., & Lansdown, R. (2000). Meeting the psychosocial impact of facial disfigurement: Developing a clinical service for children and families. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5(4), 497-512.

Rozell-Shannon, L. (2008). Assessing Maternal Response to the Impact of Hemangiomas on the Family System. (Doctoral dissertation for PhD). Walden University.

Rozell-Shannon, L. (2007). Modification of the Stanford acute stress reaction questionnaire (SASRQ): Measuring stress from a hemangioma diagnosis. Submitted for publication.

Rumsey, N., & Harcourt, D. (2004). Body image and disfigurement: Issues and interventions. Body Image, 1(1), 83-97.

Shapiro, J. (1983). Family reactions and coping strategies in response to the physically ill or handicapped child: A review. Social Science & Medicine, 17(14), 913-931.